Peanut plant: cultivation

Peanut plant: cultivation

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Peanut Plant, to produce tasty snacks, seeds, but also oil and butter. They are beyond the format in which we ingest them, seeds with a high protein content so they are only good if eaten with measure.

Peanut or tree plant

Doubt comes because the peanut plant has a very fast development. The seeds even sprout after only three months from the birth of the plant itself, moreover the flowering is continuous. On the one hand then the peanut plant is always adorned with inflorescences, on the other hand there is a continuous cycle production of pods and seeds.

Peanut plant: origins

Called in botanical jargon "Arachis hypogaea", the peanut plant comes from South America even if today we find it widespread and cultivated especially in tropical countries. The Mayans and the Aztecs they already knew and cultivated it, fortunately for those who love peanuts, the European conquerors have discovered it and imported to Europe around 1500.

Once arrived in our continent, the peanut plant was then also spread in Africa, Asia and the Pacific islands. Today its seeds are a real treat for us but in the past, and still in the 1800s, in the USA they were used as feed for pigs. There ennobling the peanut plant and its seeds took place in the 1930s and since that moment they have never stopped enticing us.

Peanut plants: where they grow

There peanut plant is widespread in various areas, Including Europe, but it is especially in tropical countries that we find large dedicated crops. But if we want to try growing this plant in our garden, we can get it on Amazon a 250 gram pack of American seed peanuts, for only 6.50 euros.

Peanut plant: cultivation

It is important that temperatures are temperate for the peanut plant to grow quietly, the ideal one must be above 28 degrees otherwise pods struggle to grow. Cold countries are therefore not very suitable for growing this plant that it wants to be positioned in sunny areas.

If the ground is soft, the roots can take root well in depth and this is a great good, another aspect to check is the drainage, so as to exclude the possibility of stagnation.

If we then want to make sure that the peanut plant produces many seedsIt is better to regularly administer a good fertilizer which also reduces the risk of diseases and bacteria.

Peanut plant: flowers

The peanut plant produces continuous, solid yellow flowers, and then the seeds arrive. It is a herbaceous, it self-seeds and then develops pods that contain peanuts as we know them.

The leaves have a very elongated shape and are each composed of four smaller leaves, they do not weigh down the stem which in fact has an erect bearing. In truth, we should speak of stems because there are three, one central accompanied by two lateral ones. THE flowers, as well as being yellow and very pleasant in appearance, they are precocious, even after only one month of growth. They can be both male and female.

Peanut plants in pots

In general it is not recommended to grow the peanut plant in pot, whether you want to place it in the garden, or even at home. It is suitable for plantations, huge ones are created to produce our beloved seeds wholesale, to be munched as they are, or to be processed to produce oil, butter, creams and more.

To best take care of the peanut plant in plantations, you need a water system which must be installed and also programmed so that it supplies at fixed times water regularly and continuously in all areas, without neglecting any plant.

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Video: How Do Peanuts Grow? We head to a farm in West Texas to find out. (August 2022).