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Khaki, cultivationand advice: from planting to harvesting. Care for abundant crops and preparation of the most suitable soil. Cultivation of persimmon in pots or in the ground.
Thekhakiit is undemanding, however, whoever intendsgrow persimmon in potshe will have to choose suitable sized containers and give much more care. The form of cultivation in pots is the sapling, less productive but necessary to maintain small dimensions.
Thekhaki, when grown in the open ground and in favorable soil and climate conditions, it can develop a thick crown and reach up to 10 meters in height.
Kaki, plant and variety to grow
Thekhaki, botanically known asdiospiro(or better,diospyros kaki) is a plant native to southern China, imported to Europe in the mid-nineteenth century. According to historical evidence, the first plant ofkhaki, in Italy, was planted in Florence, in the Boboli Gardens, in 1871.
The first plants specialized inpersimmon cultivationthey were built in the Province of Salerno, in the Nocerino-Sarnese countryside. Today, in Italy, over 51,000 tons per year are produced in an area of less than 3,000 hectares.
The root system of persimmon, in young plants developed from seed, has a long taproot. When the young plants are transplanted, by eliminating the taproot, horizontal roots will develop which under favorable conditions will lengthen and develop with higher projections up to twice that of the crown.
In Italy, the variety ofpersimmon to growis that "Kaki Type ", however, a Spanish variety called Rojo Brilliant has recently begun to be appreciated.
Those who refer to medium-sized varieties can grow the O-Gosho variety which produces fruits of 140 - 180 grams. The kaki type (the most common in Italy), has large-sized fruits, from 200 to 250 grams. The fruits of the Rojo Brilliant variety are even bigger with an average weight between 230 and 270 grams. Often, the fruits of this variety are confused with the most popularkhaki apple. The fruitskhaki applebelong CFNA,Constant to fertilization with non-astringent fruits.These kakis are known askhaki applebecause they are already good when harvested and have a crunchy pulp. Even thekhaki appleit can be grown easily in the family orchard following the same indications ascultivationof the other varieties ofkhaki (those with soft and sweet pulp).
Young plants are less resistant to cold and need more care. Very dangerous are the late frosts that occur in spring. Late frosts can destroy flowering shoots and thus limit fruit production.
Even early frosts (those that occur in early autumn) can damage the crop by limiting or ruining the fruit in full development.
Wind and hail are equally dangerous because they could cause stains on the fruit or even destroy the more ripe ones.
The plant ofkhakiit germinates in mid-April and brings the fruits to maintenance in the autumn period. The flowering of the persimmon occurs, approximately between May and June, in relation to the climatic trend and the area where the plant was planted.
At the time of planting forgrow khaki plants, you need to prepare a well-draining soil. The most suitable land forpersimmon cultivationit is medium-textured, with slightly acid pH (between 6.5 and 6.7). The soil should have 2 - 2.5 percent organic matter. The soil should be fresh so that you do not have to irrigate the plant, in case of dry soils, it will be necessary to provide irrigation.
Thekhakiyou cancultivatethroughout Italy: it can survive very cold temperatures, up to 10 - 15 ° C below zero. It adapts well to the mild winters of southern Italy because it has a modest need for cold and can be grown without problems in the north.
Sweet or bitter persimmon, with crunchy or soft pulp
The kaki with a crunchy pulp, good from harvest, is thekhaki apple. The kakis with soft and sweet pulp, have a higher size and need some precautions at the time of harvest to obtain a good ripeness and avoid that the pulp can be bitter. For all information, please refer to the page: when to harvest persimmon.
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