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Electricity dispatching, a voice that we may have seen in the bill, struggling to understand what it was. Let's see what this term means, why it is needed and how it affects what we find ourselves paying for.
Dispatching, by definition, is the "coordinated management of the injections and withdrawals of electricity and the flows of electricity on the transmission grid for the purpose of maintaining the balancing of the electricity system in safe conditions". In Italy, as regards electricity, all this is managed by Terna which follows the provisions of the Authority for Electricity and Gas in the Consolidated Recognition of Electricity Production published
In 2016, to be understood as "in this period", also postponing the year that is about to begin, when we think of electricity dispatching we have to look at what happens in our country and elsewhere at 360 degrees and with foresight. I say this because it will be clear to us how difficult it is becoming day after day to "keep up" withincrease the sources of electrical energy input into the system. If we are dealing with non-programmable sources, for reasons intrinsic to the technology used, the situation appears even more unmanageable.
This is generally true, because the sources are multiplying worldwide, focusing on the Italian context, it is then noted that there is a large number of small plants from renewable sources. Prevail photovoltaic systems, unpredictable as never before, given that they generate and feed energy into the grid intermittently and not programmed or programmable.
Taking note of this evolution, looking at the Electricity dispatching, the need for a shift from passive to active distribution networks emerged. This happened with two different "moves": on the one hand, making producers increasingly involved in one more efficient and safe management of the electricity system general, on the other by providing and foreseeing the implementation of smart grids.
Why do we talk about electricity dispatching? Because this energy is not the only one, it is not storable, therefore not being able to do without it, it is necessary to find the way to maintain balance at any time between demand, quantity produced and supply of electricity.
This is not due to a mania for control but to ensure that a continuous supply in conditions of complete safety is guaranteed to all of us. In safe conditions does not mean "Death danger", but that in the event of "anomalies" there will be no blackouts or problems, and not even one sudden and unwelcome interruption of services.
As for gas, the Dispatching is managed by an ad hoc center that continuously monitors the quantities of gas present in the transport system. The goal is that there is always some available to the user, at any time and in every point of the network.
To ensure this, an operations room of the Dispatching in operation 24 hours a day and specialized operators who, even from stations for remote control of the network, can foresee on the one hand, and on the other hand also perform simulations and remote control operations through a large synoptic panel representing the national network of pipelines.
As we have seen for the Electricity dispatching, even for gas there are delicate situations in which management and monitoring are essential. For example during maintenance work on systems or in any emergency cases.
Dispatching of electricity in the bill
We find the Electricity dispatching also in our bill, and is perhaps the main reason why you are reading this article. It appears in sales services which are divided into a fixed fee for sales services - that is, a fixed cost applied to the sales service resulting from being an active user - and in an energy share for sales services, or the cost of the energy actually consumed in the reference period.
In the first we find the Cost of Marketing Sale and the Dispatching Component which is to the credit of the customer. This is because we are refunded the difference between the selling price and the costs incurred by the sellers for the commercial management in the protection market. This item will always be in the bill beyond consumption, because it is not linked to it.
In the energy portion of sales services we find the Price of energy, network losses and the price of dispatching. The latter is the cost of keeping the electricity system in constant equilibrium, ensuring equity between the amount of electricity taken from the grid for final consumption, and the amount of energy injected by the production plants.
"How many euros?", you ask: It depends on consumption, this time, and every quarter the authority updates the value that determines the expenditure for the individual consumer in proportion to them, while in the free market the amount of this expenditure varies depending on the contract.
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