Bonsai pruning

Bonsai pruning

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Bonsai pruning: from the optimal period to the recommended techniques. Here's how to care for bonsai.

For thebonsai pruningand its roots, use specific scissors like these:thin blade scissors.We have pointed out the model"Sunflower"because it is the cheapest and with a good number of positive opinions from the bonsaistswho have tried it ... however, you can choose the scissors you prefer, the important thing is that they are narrow and long enough.

Bonsai care:a constant commitment

Therebonsai careit requires dedication, time, patience and even a bit of pennies to purchase the specific material needed to take care of these beautiful miniaturized plants. If you don't have the requirements listed above, avoidgrow bonsai indoors! You may want to take a nice ornamental succulent plant rather than watch yours diebonsaiin a short time. Therecultivation of bonsairequires special care even in apparently simpler operations such as irrigation: the bonsai, in fact, must be wet three times! For all information, I refer you to the dedicated guide: "Bonsai, irrigation and care".

Bonsai pruning:the purpose of pruning

Therecultivation of bonsaihas the purpose of always keeping the different parts of the plant in balance, namely:

  • The aerial part (consisting of trunk, branches and leaves) must always be in balance with the hypogeal portion (consisting of the root system).
  • The lower part of the plant must be in perfect balance with the upper part of the structure.
  • The external parts must be kept in balance with the innermost parts of the crown.
  • The parts that are too vigorous are to be limited both on branches and foliage, and in the roots. The weakest parts of the plant need to be strengthened and made more vigorous.

Different necessities arise in this balancing actcare, among these, an important figure is thepruning.

When to prune the bonsai:the ideal period

From May to September, ibonsaithey can thrive outdoors by maximizing vigor and vegetation thanks to greater air circulation, humidity and light. Between September and October, when we start collecting oursbonsaiinside, we can provide forpruning. The best time to prune bonsai falls between late September and early October.

When to prune the bonsai

The frequency is once a year for more substantial interventions, however, thepruningit should be a recurring work to eliminate out-of-shape suckers or plumes.

How to prune the bonsai:the golden rules of bonsai pruning

Therebonsai pruningit prevents the plants from losing their leaves in the autumn period because what exceeds will be cut by our careful hand.

This rule is valid for all bonsai deciduous and consists in leavingtwo leaves per sprig. The leaves will fall off in spring and two more twigs will develop from the axillary buds.

This is not a fixed rule but it certainly can be adapted to all types of bonsai (ficus, olive, elm, carmona, ginseng…). For the more delicate species you can leave an extra leaf but you must never act regardless of the structure of your plant. In short, even if you find a specific guide for theelm bonsai pruning, you will never know if these rules suit your plant.

For example: if the top of yoursbonsaiit is more vigorous, leave two leaves at the top and three at the bottom in order to rebalance the shapes. The branches of the inner part are usually weaker, so it is advisable to leave three leaves in the inner part and only two in the more external one (more vigorous); in this way the innermost part will receive more light and will be able to strengthen and the external one will continue its game of balance, slowing down development.

The more experienced bonsaists, in the spring period, perform trimming every other day to regulate a more vigorous growth leading to the development of few and long plumes.

Bonsai care:root pruning

When we talk aboutprune the bonsai, we do not refer only to the arboreal part. Thebonsaiit also requires thinning pruning to be borne by the root system. In particular, action is taken to eliminate tap roots (which have little absorption capacity), damaged roots and overdeveloped ones. In the ideal, the root system of abonsaiit should be very dense but never too strong. Given that the operation ofpruning bonsai rootsit is carried out at the same time as the transfer, for detailed instructions please visit the page:Bonsai, repotting.