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Special hazardous and non-hazardous waste

Special hazardous and non-hazardous waste


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Special hazardous and non-hazardous waste: what they are, legislation, classification codes, CER waste coding and all useful information.

Any production activity, in the working cycle, releases a series of "special waste". The owner of the production activity will have to arrange, at his own expense, for the delivery of waste to authorized companies that can deal with the transport, storage, reuse, recovery and disposal of waste. The reference regulations on the management ofHazardous wasteare articles 208, 209, 210, 211, 212, 214, 215 and 216.

In particular, Article 212 governs that companies wishing to transport their waste produced by their own means, to certified collection centers, must be registered in the Register of Environmental Waste Managers at the Regional Section to which they belong. The management of waste (in particular the recovery and recycling of materials) also affects the construction sector very closely. For all information, please refer to the articleConstruction waste, disposal and legislation.

Special hazardous and non-hazardous waste

THEspecial wasteare divided intospecial non-hazardous wasteisspecial hazardous waste and toxic - harmful. In particular, the reference standards for these classes of waste are:

  • D.M. February 5, 1998 for inon-hazardous waste
  • D.M. 12 June 2002 n. 161 for iHazardous waste
  • D.M. 17 November 2005, n. 269 ​​for ihazardous waste coming from naval activities.

Hazardous and non-hazardous waste disposal codes

Thereclassificationof waste has seen the assignment ofcodesfor the identification and improvement of the management ofwaste.

In particular, theCER(acronym forEuropean Waste Code) is an identification code that replaces the Italian code. The CER codes are assigned to each type of waste, the assignment is made based on the process of origin. The first CER codes entered into force in 2002 while from 1 June 2015 inew CER codes.

THEnew CER codesapply the provisions of the EU decision 2014/955. Listed below are the new CER codes for the identification ofspecial hazardous and non-hazardous waste.

  • 01
    CER code relating to waste resulting from prospecting, mining or quarrying, as well as physical or chemical treatment of minerals.
  • 02
    This CER code refers to waste products from agriculture, horticulture, aquaculture, forestry, hunting and fishing, food processing and preparation.
  • 03
    This is the CER code that it identifies waste wood processing and the production of panels, furniture, pulp, paper and cardboard.
  • 04
    Indicates waste from leather and fur processing and the textile industry.
  • 05
    Indicates waste from petroleum refining, natural gas purification and pyrolytic treatment of coal.
  • 06
    Refers to waste from inorganic chemical processes.
  • 07
    Makes wastes of organic chemical processes.
  • 08
    Wastes from the m.p.u of coatings, i.e. paints, varnishes and glazed enamels. This category includes adhesives, sealants and printing inks.
  • 09
    Waste from the photographic industry that has decreased a lot in recent decades.
  • 10
    Waste from thermal processes.
  • 11
    Refers to waste produced by the chemical surface treatment and coating of metals and other materials; non-ferrous hydrometallurgy.
  • 12
    Waste produced by the physical and mechanical surface processing and treatment of metals and plastics.
  • 13
    Spent oils and liquid fuel residues; this code should not be confused with code 05 which explicitly refers to edible oils.
  • 14
    Waste organic solvents, refrigerants and propellants, with the exception of paints identified, as appropriate, with CER codes 07 and 08.
  • 15
    Waste from packaging, absorbents, rags, filter materials and protective clothing (not otherwise specified).
  • 16
    Waste not otherwise specified in the list.
  • 17
    Waste from construction and demolition operations, including soil from contaminated sites.
  • 18
    This CER code refers to waste products from the health and veterinary sector or related research activities.
  • 19
    Waste from waste treatment plants, off-site waste water treatment plants.
  • 20
    The code identifies urban waste, i.e. household waste and similar waste produced by commercial and industrial activities as well as by institutions.

For other identification codes of hazardous waste, please refer to the articleHow to classify hazardous waste.

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