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Plumeria: cultivation, flowering, caremeaning of the flower and all useful information. How to grow the fragrant pomelia or frangipani.
Thereplumeriabelongs to the apocynaceae family, it is native to the tropical areas of Central America and the Caribbean. In our country theplumeriais known asfrangipani, frangipanior pomelia.
Be careful when starting cultivation: in ideal conditions, such plants can exceed ten meters in height!
In the language of flowers theplumeriacontains the meaning of peace and friendship but its symbolism refers to different meanings based on culture! Peace and friendship is the meaning given to the plant in the places where it originates, in the eastpomeliait is considered a symbol of immortality and rebirth. In Italy, the frangipani it is a symbol of beauty and simplicity.
Therefloweringoccurs in the month of May and continues throughout the summer. The flowers are quite large, fleshy and sprout from the top of the branches. Depending on the variety we have pink, red, white, yellow or orange flowers. There are also flowers with the most characteristic central yellow petals that fade outwards into white.
Thebloomsthey are very fragrant: they infuse the air with a very intense and pleasant scent. The shapes and colors vaguely resemble those of oleander but the clusters can even consist of fifty flowers! The flowers can have five or seven petals.
How to grow plumeria? Here are all the instructions on care and cultivation needs.
In the early days you have to protect the stem because it is very fragile. After planting, mount a support capable of supporting the stem until it develops the first branch.
Therepomeliait suffers and cannot survive in temperatures below 5 ° C, so in winter you should stop the plant under cover.
Choose a fertile soil, mixed with bark, organic matter and perlite. Alternatively, you can buy a specific soil for cactaceae… it is perfect for pomelia that shares the same nutritional needs with cacti.
The cultivation soil must be rich and light, able to quickly dispose of the water.
If flowering is absent (pomelia without flowers) it is probably due to a lack of water. The plumeria needs constant and abundant irrigation, as soon as water is scarce, the plant decides to sacrifice the flower buds first and ensure the survival of the photosynthetic parts (leaves and green parts).
Plumeria in winter
If you live in an area where temperatures drop below 5 ° C in winter, grow itpotted plumeria.
When temperatures start to drop, protect the vegetative apexes. Walking through the city streets of southern Sicily, it is not uncommon to come across crops ofplumeria, this plant is loved by Sicilians! In Sicily and in particular in Palermo, traditionally, egg shells were used to protect the apexes of the plant from the winter cold. The eggs, opened and consumed from a single end, can be used to protect the tips of the plumeria without the risk of them slipping away.
Plumeria, multiplication by cuttings
The propagation of theplumeriait's very simple. You can multiply the plumeria by cuttings. Take a sprout and let it dry (the sap of the plant must drain completely from the branch, usually this phase lasts 48 hours). When the cut is totally dry, root the cutting in a bowl full of moist sand. Keep the sand moist throughout the rooting period. To facilitate rooting, before burying the plumeria cutting in the perlite and peat mixture, soak the base of thecuttingin a stimulating product for woody cuttings like the Radicante Clonex, offered on Amazon with free shipping at a price of about 13 euros.
Frangipani fertilizer and irrigation
Plumeria is also known as frangipani. For all information on the cultivation of this plant, specifically on the fertilizer to be administered (with a high intake of phosphorus), please refer to the page:frangipani, plant and care