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Jerusalem artichoke, cultivation and info

Jerusalem artichoke, cultivation and info

How to grow Jerusalem artichoke: instructions on the cultivation of Jerusalem artichoke, from the planting of the tubers to the harvest. More information on properties and recipes.

The Jerusalem artichoke, botanically known as Helianthus tuberosus, is a plant that cannot go unnoticed. It grows spontaneously along waterways, in uncultivated fields and it is not uncommon to come across a specimen ofJerusalem artichokealong a country lane. This herbaceous plant is native to North America and Canada and was imported to the Old Continent with the repatriation of the first European settlers, thus becoming naturalized in Italy and in all the mild climate countries of Europe. It has a showy flowering as much as its owncultivationIt is not only for food but is also widely cultivated as an ornamental plant.

Of theJerusalem artichokethe fleshy roots (tubers) are cultivated, whose flavor vaguely recalls that of the artichoke.

Therecultivationof theJerusalem artichokeit is very simple to implement, if you don't know where to start, you can go and pick some tubers with a walk in the countryside. To remove the tubers, prick the plant with a pitchfork, collect them after the first frosts have completely dried up the stem and leaves. After harvest, Jerusalem artichoke can be eaten or planted again.

Jerusalem artichoke, cultivation

Where to grow Jerusalem artichoke?
Forgrow Jerusalem artichokechoose an isolated part of the garden: theJerusalem artichokeit is very resistant and can become a pest. Choose a sunny or partially sunny location.

When to start Jerusalem artichoke cultivation?
Autumn is the best time to harvest and plant theJerusalem artichoke.

How to grow Jerusalem artichoke
With a sharp knife and a sterile blade, cut the largest tubers into small portions to be buried.

Make sure each piece ofJerusalem artichokekeep at least one bud, it is from the bud that your sprout will grow and a new plant will have life. From each tuber it will be possible to obtain, according to the number of buds, from 2 to 4-5 seedlings.

Prepare grooves about 10 centimeters deep and place the tuber fragments on the bottom. Yes, you only want to grow a few specimens of Jerusalem artichokegrooves will not be necessary but you will still have to bury the tubers to a depth of 10 cm. Leave a space of 20-25 cm between one tuber and another. To finish the plant, cover the tubers by filling the furrows with earth.

When to harvest Jerusalem artichokes
Just like with potatoes, even with Jerusalem artichoke, for the harvest, you will have to wait for the aerial part to dry completely. When the stem and leaves have completely withered, you can dig the perimeter area of ​​the plant with a small hoe or remove the tubers with a pitchfork. For more information, I invite you to read the guide articleWhen to harvest potatoes.

Productivity and care to devote to Jerusalem artichoke
One hectare of land cultivated with Jerusalem artichoke yields a yield of 16 - 20 tons for the tubers. TheJerusalem artichokeit's super easy tocultivate: being a resistant plant, it grows spontaneously and does not require care. Indeed, if not contained, it can turn into a weed, hindering the growth of other plants in the garden.

storage
Unlike potatoes, the tuber ofJerusalem artichokeit doesn't keep for long! From harvest, the tuber can only be stored for 8 - 10 days, preferably in the refrigerator.

Topinambur, where to buy it to cook or grow it

This tuber can be purchased in the most well-stocked supermarkets or by taking advantage of the online purchase. On Amazon, half a kilo of Jerusalem artichoke can be bought for 5.24 euros with shipping costs included in the price. The Jerusalem artichoke, so bought, can be used both for cooking and for cultivation by exploiting the sprouted tubers.

Jerusalem artichoke, property

Jerusalem artichoke owes its popularity to hers property nutritional: it seems to be an excellent food especially for those suffering from type 2 diabetes even if many studies have shown that the amount of inulin contained in Jerusalem artichoke is strongly influenced by the cultivation temperatures.

Jerusalem artichoke is rich in potassium (650 mg of potassium are contained in 150 grams of tubers), it is rich in other micronutrients such as thiamine, phosphorus, niacin and copper. It is a good source of fiber. For all information, I invite you to read the article dedicated to Properties of Topinambur.

How to cook Topinambur

Jerusalem artichoke is known as the Native American food. It can be consumed in a large number of recipes, including desserts. There is no shortage of liqueurs and beverages based on Jerusalem artichokes. For recipes and ideas for cooking Jerusalem artichoke or eat the tuber raw, I invite you to visit the page entitled "Jerusalem artichoke, recipes“.


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